- About VietNam:
Mainland Territory: 331,211.6 km ²
Population: approximately 90,000,000 inhabitants
National Capital: Hanoi
Lying on the eastern part of the Indochinese peninsula, Vietnam is a strip of land shaped like the letter “S”, bordering China to the north, Laos and Cambodia to the west, the East Sea to the east and the Pacific Ocean to the east and south.
The country’s total length from north to south is 1,650km. Its width, stretching from east to west, is 600km at the widest point in the north, 400km in the south, and 50km at the narrowest part, in the centre, in Quang Binh Province. The coastline is 3,260km long and the inland border is 4,510km.
Longitude: 8º 02' - 23º 23' north
Vietnam is also a transport junction from the Indian Ocean to the Pacific Ocean.
Topography: Three quarters of Vietnam's territory consist of mountains and hills
Administrative Units: Vietnam includes 63 provinces and cities
- About HoChiMinh City:
Area: 2,098.7 km²
Population: approximately 7.382.287 habitants
- Districts: District 1, District 2, District 3, District 4, District 5, District 6, District 7, District 8, District 9, District 10, District 11, District 12, Tan Binh, Binh Thanh, Phu Nhuan, Thu Duc, Go Vap, Binh Tan,Tan Phu.
- Rural districts: Nha Be, Can Gio, Hoc Mon, Cu Chi, Binh Chanh.
Ethnic groups: Viet (Kinh), Hoa, Khmer, Cham...
In the core of the Mekong Delta, Ho Chi Minh City, formerly known as Saigon, is the second city of importance in Vietnam after Hanoi. It is not only a commercial center but also a scientific, technological, industrial and tourist center. The city is webbed by many rivers, arroyos and canals with the biggest river named Saigon River. The Port of Saigon, established in 1862, is accessible to ships of 30,000 tons.
Climate:The climate is tropical, generally hot and humid. There are two distinctive seasons: the rainy season, from May to November, and the dry season, from December to April. The annual average temperature is 270C. The hottest month is April and the lowest is December. It is warm all year.
Many centuries ago, Saigon was already a busy commercial center. Merchants from China, Japan and many European countries would sail to the upstream of the Saigon River to reach the islet of Pho, a trading center. In the year of 1874, Cho Lon merged with Saigon, forming the largest city in Indochina. It was called as the Pearl of the Far East. In July 2nd,1976, Saigon was officially changed to Ho Chi Minh City.
Today, Ho Chi Minh City is the big tourism center in Vietnam, attracting a huge number of visitors to Vietnam yearly. Ho Chi Minh City owns various sources of tourist attractions such as Ho Chi Minh Museum, formerly known as Dragon House Wharf, Cu Chi Tunnels, War Remnant Museum, ancient theatres, cultural houses... Recently, many tourist areas are invested such as Thanh Da, Binh Quoi Village, Dam Sen Park, Saigon Water Park, Suoi Tien, Ky Hoa...
Despite its young age, Ho Chi Minh City have constructed spectacular buildings, characterising a harmonious combination of Vietnamese, Chinese and European cultures. These include Ben Nha Rong (Dragon House Wharf), Quoc To Temple (National Ancestors Temple), Xa Tay (Municipal Office), Ho Chi Minh Municipal Theatre as well as many pagodas and churches (Vinh Nghiem, Giac Vien, Giac Lam, Phung Son pagodas...). After more than 300 years of development, Ho Chi Minh City has reserved ancient architectural constructions, invaluable historical vestiges and renowned beautiful sights.
Ho Chi Minh City is the main junction for trains, roads, water, and air transportation systems for domestic trips and for foreign destination.
- Roads: Ho Chi Minh City is 1,730km from Hanoi capital, 99km from Tay Ninh province, 30km from Bien Hoa city - Dong Nai province, 70km from My Tho city - Tien Giang province, 125km from Vung Tau beach, 168km from Can Tho city, 308km from Dalat city - Lam Dong province, and 375km from Buon Ma Thuot city - Daklak province. The City has National Highway 13 connecting Vietnam to the rest of Indochina.
- Train: Thong Nhat express train connects many provinces and cities from the North to the South of Vietnam.
- Air: Tan Son Nhat International Airport, 7km from center of city, is the largest airport with diverse domestic and international flying routes. There are multiple daily flights from Hanoi capital and Danang city (where Hoi An Ancient Village lies) to Ho Chi Minh City.